of Demographic Transition and Its Aftermath Ronald d. lee dav i d S. Rehe R the goal of this volume is to discuss the long-term implications of the demo-graphic transition throughout the world. To get fastest exam alerts and government job alerts in India, join our Telegram channel. Erikson understood this stage of development as being key for an individual’s development of self-confidence and a sense of industry. The population pyramid that represents Stage 3 in the demographic transition has nearly vertical sides, with a broad base and relatively broad peak, reflecting reduced fertility, reduced childhood mortality, and increased survival; the older age categories make up a larger proportion of the population than in earlier stages, and the size of the population stabilizes. As per the theory of demographic transition, a country is subjected to both high birth and death rates at the first stage of an agrarian economy. Why is the transition period associated with a ‘population explosion’? Also please like, and share it with your friends! DTM (Four Stages labeled, title, BR and DR in different colors and labeled) – 5 points . Click on the class number below to go to relevant NCERT Solutions of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. Urbanisation: Cities offer better employment opportunities, educational and medical facilities, better means of transport and communication. Ans : (i) The various factors that influence the distribution and density of population in the world are: It discusses about changes in birth rate and death rate and. (iii) Three components of population change are birth rate, death rate and migration. The best app for CBSE students now provides The World Population class 12 Notes Geography latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school-based annual examinations. Discuss the three stages of demographic transition. This is accompanied by reduced mortality rate. Ans. Historical and contemporary trends have shown that the transition itself and its pattern, sequence and timing may vary greatly from country to country and over time (UN, 1971). This is accompanied by reduced mortality rate. Economic Indicator Facts given for each country - 12 points But the two famous versions are C.P. Notestein. Nov 26, 2020 - Chapter Notes - The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society, Sociology, Class 12 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Humanities/Arts. (a) Africa (b) South America (c) Asia […] The population is either stable or grows slowly. (ii) The three stages of demographic transition are: In the fifth stage of growth and development, which lasts from approximately 12 to 18 years, children move into a unique stage in which they experience increasing choices and freedom. (iii)Social and Cultural Factors Some places attract more people because they have religious or cultural significance. Have students construct a graph of birth and death rates in England using either graph paper or graphing software (MS Excel). Landforms: People prefer living on flat plains and gentle slopes because such areas are favourable for the production of crops and to build roads and industries. - Stage 3 of the Demographic Transition Theory is the stage of expanding the population. Notestein. Never­theless, the theory of […] A decrease in both birth rates and death rates reduces the rate of growth of the population. (i) Countries of Europe and Asia with negative growth rate of population are: Latvia, Estonia ,Russia, Ukraine, Saudi Arabia, Albania, Bulgaria, Oman, Croatia, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Germany, Portugal. The model is used to give details how population increase and economic development of countries are linked. Most LEDCs are at stage … The World Population class 12 Notes Geography in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. Discuss the factors influencing the distribution and density of population in the world. (ii) Liberia, Somalia, Rwanda, Angola, Niger and Eritrea. (ii) (b) South-east Asia - From the second stage to this stage, death rates are decreasing. (i) Which one of the following continents has the highest growth of population? (d) North America demographic transition model. Social and Cultural Factors: people tend to move away from places where there is social and political unrest. In Stage 1, a country has high birth rates, often due to limited birth control and the economic benefit of having more people to work. The population becomes urbanised, literate and has high technical know-how and deliberately controls the family size. Demographic transition is the chain of stages that a nation goes throughout when transition from non-industrial to radical industrial. The Theory of Demographic Transition! The genus of the human being today is called Homo and the man today is called as Homo sapiens.From simple life forms that were unicellular to the development of multicellular organisms gave rise to the vertebrates. © (d) Population growth is high in the first stage of demographic transition? (a) Human population increased more than ten times during the past 500 years. (ii) Liberia, Somalia, Rwanda, Angola, Niger and Eritrea. This document is highly rated by Humanities/Arts students and has been viewed 29507 times. The theory of demographic transition (or of population stages or of population cycle) has many versions. People tend to move away from places where there is social and political unrest. Depending on the degree of detail in the presentation, authors distinguish three or five successive stages ; with three, one is dealing with phases of pre-transition (long-standing equilibrium of to download NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography 1 chapter 2 The World Population Distribution, Density and Growth. The theory of demographic transition (or of population stages or of population cycle) has many versions. Correct Stage of Wallenstein’s and Rostow’s theories given for each country - 4 points. The birth rates are very high due to universal and early marriages, widespread prevalence of illiteracy, […] But the two famous versions are C.P. (i) The various factors that influence the distribution and density of population in the world are: On the outline map of the world, show and name the following. Ltd. the world population, distribution, density and growth. Mining and industrial activities generate employment therefore these areas are densely populated. If you are a student of Class 12 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Geography, then you must come across chapter 2 The World Population Distribution, Density and Growth. Five stages of the demographic transition model As a country passes through the demographic transition model, the total population rises. Another characteristic of Stage Two of the demographic transition is a change in the age structure of the population. Delhi - 110058. Life expectancy is low, people are mostly illiterate and have low levels of technology. Which one of the following continents has the highest growth of population? DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION Examples of Countries and Regions of each stage of demographic transition: Stage One: None Stage Two: Sub­saharan Africa Nigeria, Sierra Leon, Cape Verde Stage Three: East Asia, Latin America, Middle East China, Brazil, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Chile Stage … If yes, please comment below. The factors influencing the distribution and density of population are discussed below: (i)Geographical Factors (a)Availability of water: It is the most important factor for life. When the rise in population is greater than the food supply, there is a condition of disequilibrium. When the graph appears after the information has been presented on a particular slide, I ask students to point out what is happening on the graph with birth rates, death rates, and population growth. They explain the theory in three stages. Climate The standard model of the demographic transition has four stages. Many a times governments offer incentives to people to live in sparsely populated areas or move away from overcrowded places. Thomson and F.W. The first stage has high fertility and high mortality because people reproduce more to compensate for the deaths due to epidemics and variable food supply. The population growth is slow and most of the people are engaged in agriculture where large families are an asset. (c) Social and Cultural Factors The demographic transition: Stage 1: This was pre-industrial times - 99% of recorded human history - where death rates were very high, and birth rates had to match/be higher than death rates to sustain the population. They also have high death rates, due to poor nutrition or high rates of disease. Otherwise you can also buy it easily online. There are three stages that define the demographic transition theory. In Stage One, the majority of deaths are concentrated in the first 5–10 years of life. Health transition was described as ‘a dynamic. 1. The Kobe-Osaka region of Japan is thickly populated because of the presence of a number of industries. It works on the premise that birth and death rates are connected to and correlate with stages of industrial development. (a) Africa You can also download here the NCERT Solutions Class 12 Geography 1 chapter 2 The World Population Distribution, Density and Growth in PDF format. 1. Soils: Fertile soils are important for agricultural and allied activities. The population becomes urbanised, literate and has high technical know-how and deliberately controls the family size. The theory compares different countries’ level of economic development based on birthrates and death rates. (b)Landforms: People prefer living on flat plains and gentle slopes. Ans : (i) (a) Africa based on historical population trends of two demographic characteristics – birth rate and death rate – to suggest that a country’s total population growth rate cycles through stages as that country develops economically Availability of water (ii) There are a number of areas with high population density in the world. Which one of the following is not an area of sparse population? Answer the following questions in about 150 words. Geographical factors such as adequate availability of water, plain landforms, comfortable climate and fertile soils attract people. Ans : (i) Countries of Europe and Asia with negative growth rate of population are: Latvia, Estonia ,Russia, Ukraine, Saudi Arabia, Albania, Bulgaria, Oman, Croatia, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Germany, Portugal. Prior to this specific lesson/activity, teacher should discuss with students about the topics of population pyramids and the Demographic Transition model. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below: Question 1. Fertility remains high in the beginning of second stage but it declines with time. (b) Economic Factors (b) Medical/educational facilities Discuss the three stages of demographic transition. The population is either stable or grows slowly. In Stage One the majority of death is concentrated in the first 5-10 years of life.Therefore, more than anything else, the decline in death rates in Stage … (c) Equatorial region (a) The Atacama the term “demographic transition” refers to the secular shift in fertility and mortality from high and sharply Because of this gap the net addition to population is high. ADVERTISEMENTS: Useful Notes on the Theory of Demographic Transition! What is “Demographic Transition”? In the same way – people tend to move away from places where there is social and political unrest. For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also see summary of Chapter 2 The World Population Distribution, Density and Growth , Geography 1, Class 12. Like, and share it with your friends family size used for drinking, bathing and cooking – also. Nutrition or high rates of disease and the current state of our nation ii ) Discuss the three stages Evolution... 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