Binturongs – otherwise known as ‘bearcats‘ – are the largest members of the animal family Viverridae. (12 cm). Bats are mammals whose arms have evolved into wings, allowing them to fly. The declining population of many species will continue to decline since the rainforest's trees continue to be destroyed every day. It is also the most humid part of the Rainforest. Long trails of leafcutter ants can often be seen carrying leaves from the rainforest canopy to their nest. A must for all animal fans. Their larvae weigh up to 100 grams (3.5 oz.). Unfortunately, they are hunted for the pet trade and for their fur. The hoatzin is a pheasant-shaped bird with a long body, broad tail, and a spiky crest on its head. Thanks to this little frog’s good looks it has become a symbol of the rainforest, and is often seen in magazines and newspapers. This page contains facts, pictures and links to further information on a wide range of rainforest animals from all around the world. When threatened it raises two ear-like crests on its head. it can hold onto things). What Animals Live In The Tropical Rainforest 1. The species is found in the Amazon Basin (the region surrounding the Amazon River) and other tropical parts of northern South America. You can find out about the other types of rainforest here: Find out more about the world’s rainforests at our main. The work of decomposing this litter layer is carried … It’s not difficult to see how spider monkeys got their name; their long limbs and tail make these agile primates look like giant spiders! A howler monkey’s cry can be heard through 3 miles of rainforest. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 In their adult form they are over 10 cm (3.93 in.) All seven species of Spider Monkey are now threatened; one is rated Vulnerable, four are Endangered, and two are Critically Endangered. Several of these, including the hyacinth, great green and scarlet macaw, are found in rainforests. Also, rainforests provide sufficient cover and plenty of prey options to these snakes. The species also has an unusual way of digesting its food, which consists largely of green leaves. Leopards are also slightly smaller than jaguars. Although a toucan’s bill looks strong, it is actually hollow and lightweight. (‘Old World’ is a collective term for the continents of Europe, Asia and Africa.). Rainforests cover between 6 and 7% of the world’s land surface, yet are home to more than half of all the world’s animal and plant species. Although it is one of the world’s biggest eagles, it’s wingspan is (relatively) small; this is an adaption for flying through the forest. During the dry season, the South American lungfish is able to surround its body in mucous and survive buried in the mud, even if its river dries up. One way of telling leopards and jaguars apart is by looking at their rosettes. When resting, the frog conceals its bright colors under its green body and closes its large red eyes, making it surprisingly difficult to spot. However, this is unproven and unlikely. Are there any animals we’ve missed? The giraffe weevil’s name comes from the species’ elongated neck. Click on the images or links below to view / download FREE printable question sheets for use with this page. Although it looks fierce, it mainly eats plants. Join the thousands of Active Wild subscribers who receive free wildlife and science news & info direct to their inboxes! The green iguana is a large lizard that lives in the forests of Central and South America. You can find out more about rainforests on the following pages: Join the FREE Active Wild Newsletter List. All the seven species of these monkeys are threatened to some extent. The birds are currently classified as vulnerable and number between 120,100 and 259,000. Okapis are diurnal and solitary in nature. A tropical rainforest’s unique mix of high rainfall and constant high temperature provides plants and animals with an ideal environment in which to live. The Amazon Rainforest is home to 427 mammal species, 1,300 bird species, 378 species of reptiles, and more than 400 species of amphibians. The frog hopes that a quick flash of its bright red eyes will momentarily confuse any potential predators, giving it time to escape. The harpy eagle is said to be the world’s most powerful bird of prey. Facts about Rainforest Animals 7: the army ants. You can find out more about the white-lipped tree frog here: White-Lipped Tree Frog Facts. Although the okapis bear distinct zebra-like markings on their limbs, they are more closely related to giraffes. Like all fire ants, the red imported fire ant can deliver a painful sting. The tiger is the world’s largest cat species. Snakes in tropical rainforests can … tiger), we’ve included the animal’s scientific name and its IUCN conservation status (if assessed). These large flightless birds live in tropical rainforests of northern Australia and New Guinea. It is the world’s largest nocturnal primate. The African palm civet, a civet found in the rainforests of Africa, is in the family Nandiniidae. The okapi (Okapia johnstoni) is a unique mammalian species that is native to tropical forests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Central Africa. It is often found near water, and is an excellent swimmer. They spend up to 95% of their lives in the trees. Tree frogs are amphibians in the family Hylidae. Caimans are predatory reptiles that live in the rivers and lakes of Central and South American rain forests (and other habitats). Another insect that you can find spreading around the rainforests is the ants. (There are many countries in the world whose human populations are smaller than the number of leaf cutter ants that live in just one nest!). The monsoon trough, alternatively known as the intertropical convergence zone, plays a significant role in creating the climatic conditions necessary for the Earth's tropical rainforests: which are distinct from mo… African gray parrots are medium-sized, gray, black-billed birds found in equatorial Africa. It is said that approximately half of the world’s animal species live in these dense rainforests. Biologists estimate that there are around 5 million animal species, including insects that live in the rainforests. The king vulture is a large bird that lives in the rainforests of Central and South America. The question sheets make a great home or classroom activity, and can be used to encourage (easy) internet-based research, as well as rainforest knowledge. (Click on the names for more information.). The jaguar closely resembles the leopard but is sturdier and larger than the latter. Despite being such a great home for so many, each year, more and more rain forest animals have become either endangered or extinct. Orangutans are members of the great ape family, Hominidae – just like us! The binturong’s long tail is ‘prehensile‘ (i.e. It lives in the canopy layer of the rainforests where it feeds exclusively on nectar, fruits, and flowers. The food is broken down by bacteria in a special area in the bird’s crop (the expandable storage area in a bird’s throat), in a similar way to that in which cows digest grass. It hunts insects, spiders (including tarantulas), lizards, frogs, snakes and even small mammals. Although the turtle’s conservation status is currently ‘Lower Risk’, its population is thought to be declining rapidly and there are some calls for the species to be considered ‘Critically Endangered’. By moving this fin with a wave-like motion the electric eel is able to swim both forwards and backwards. As their name suggests, lungfish have lungs, and can breathe without using their gills. Tapiridae, the family in which all 5 species of tapir are found, is one of three animal families that make up the group of animals known as odd-toed ungulates. Piranha attacks on humans are rare, and seldom result in serious injury. Thus, plants growing here are adapted to the low light conditions, and the forest floor is relatively clear of vegetation. The species is also found in urban areas, and occasionally gets transported hundreds of miles to other states in banana boxes. The name ‘orangutan’ means ‘man of the forest’ in Malay. long. How Are Plants Adapted To The Tropical Rainforest? Around the size of a bobcat, the ocelot is sometimes referred to as the ‘dwarf leopard’ on behalf of its spotted coat. As the name suggests, rainforests are forests found in areas that receive a high amount of rain. They have a low metabolism (the rate at which the body uses energy). These sloths have a size of a small dog or a big cat and three clawed toes on each limb. Thus, these trees appear to emerge over the canopy layer. The ocelot is a nocturnal predator that rarely targets prey larger than rabbits and armadillos. The candiru is a small fish found in the Amazon River and several other South American rivers and their tributaries. Tropical Rainforest Biome Characteristics. The species is also found in the southeast of Russia. It has black and white plumage and a strikingly-colored head and bill. However, snakes are an exception to this rule. The keel-billed toucan, pictured above, lives in the canopy of Central American rainforests. The harpy eagle is the largest bird of prey found in the rainforest. They are hot, humid places. Arthropods are invertebrates that have jointed appendages, a segmented body, and an exoskeleton. This colorful Australian bird is one of 11 species of fairywren, all of which are small, brightly-colored birds. Other Rainforest Animals. Tarsiers are adapted for jumping, and move around by leaping through the trees. There is also a big difference regarding the types of plants and animals that live there. Discover Amazing Animals That Live In Africa. The king colobus (Colobus polykomos) is one of the animals of the tropical rainforest that is found in... 3. The jaguar (Panthera onca) is the biggest cat species living in the Americas and is the third largest in the world after the lion and the tiger. Or, learn more about the Amazon Rainforest here. However, the electric eel has greatly developed this ability, and is able to produce electrical fields strong enough to stun prey and deter predators. The jaguar prefers to inhabit the rainforests of the Americas and is found across much of Central America and south to northern Argentina and Paraguay. The largest rainforest in the world, the Amazon boasts incredible biodiversity unlike anywhere else. Civits are mammals in the group Carnivora. 5600 Fish Species, 1300 Birds, 430+ Mammals, 1000+ Amphibians, 400+ Reptiles which a great amount. You can find out more about the spectacled caiman here: You can find out more about the South American coati here: You can find out more about this animal here: You can find out more about the green anaconda here: You can find out more about iguanas here: You can read more about the harpy eagle here: You can find out more about howler monkeys here: Find out more about this rainforest predator here: You can find out more about leaf cutter ants here. It lives South and Central American forests. They … You can find out more about the ring-tailed lemur here: Family: Psittacidae (although no all members of this family are macaws.). The species is found in a number of habitats, including rainforests. Facts about Rainforest Animals – Rainforests are located across the world. Piranhas are freshwater fish found in the lakes and rivers of South America. Also known as the ring-tailed coati (Nasua nasua), it is an animal that inhabits the rainforests of South America. The boa constrictor is a large rainforest snake. It is estimated that there are only around 3,000 to 4,000 of these beautiful animals left in the wild. The animals living in the emergent layer of the Amazon rainforest include birds, bats, gliders, and butterflies. Despite their large size, Goliath beetles are still able to fly. The trees of this layer are well adapted to withstand the strong winds and hot temperatures above the canopy. Belize is home to at least 543 species of birds, many living within the rainforest. – These species are known as rainforest animals. Using their claws, they are able to climb back into the nest once the danger has passed. The forest floor is teeming with animal life particularly insects and arachnids, also larger animals such as jaguars, pumas, gorillas, anteaters and large snakes like the anaconda and the Boa Constrictor. Orangutans live in rainforests on the Southeast Asian islands Borneo and Sumatra. These animals are nocturnal, frugivorous, and arboreal in nature. The lovely fairywren is an Australian rainforest bird found in the northeast of the country. You’ll find pictures and facts about its animals and plants here: Find out more about the animal kingdom here: You can discover more about anteaters here: Find out more about the giant anteater here: You can find out more about the mysterious aye-aye here: You can find out more about the binturong here: You can find out more about blue morpho butterflies, You can find out more about the boa constrictor. Now the list of tropical rainforest animals is undoubtedly lengthier than that of other biomes on the planet, but that doesn't mean we can afford to lose them to incessant deforestation. In this article we discuss the different layers of the tropical rainforest and some of the animals living in these layers. It is the smallest rhinoceros species in the world and has two horns. The large flying fox (Pteropus vampyrus) is one of the largest species of bats in the world. Lemurs are small primates found in the rainforests of Madagascar. You will find it hard to believe, it is estimated that there are over 500,000 kinds of beetles existing in the Amazon. One of the world's most beloved animals - the giant panda - lives in the temperate bamboo rainforests of China. The red eyed tree frog’s bright colors are part of a defense mechanism called ‘startle coloration‘. If you have a favorite rainforest animal then let us know in the comments section at the bottom of the page! Despite the loud calls, some people keep howler monkeys as pets! The animals on this list represent only a fraction of the species that live in the world’s rainforests; you can discover more animals on the pages listed below. Hunting for bushmeat and logging in gorilla habitats are the two primary threats to these gorillas. The emergent layer has few giant trees that reach heights up to 45 to 55 m or even higher. This feature is known as aposematic coloration. One hectare (2.47 acres) may contain over 750 types of trees and 1500 species of higher plants. Okapi. It ambushes its prey, then constricts (squeezes) it before swallowing it whole. News and facts about animals, natural history and science. The binturong is the only Old World mammal with a prehensile tail. Find out why here: Interested in the Amazon Rainforest in particular? The Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) is found in the forests of central Africa. All tarsiers are in the family Tarsiidae. Macaws are large, colorful birds with large bills and long tails. Like other vultures, it is primarily a scavenger. The range of this species also extends north into Mexico. All fifteen species of howler monkey live in the rainforests of South and Central America. The largest piranha species is the red-bellied piranha, which grows up to 50 cm (20 in) in length. The spectacled caiman, one of the most common species of caiman, gets its name from the bony ridge on its nose, which makes the reptile appear to be wearing glasses. They eat the other insects that they find in … In addition, it is thought that there are millions of species living in rainforests that are still to be discovered. The red eyed tree frog is one of the best-known of all amphibians. There are fourteen animals shown, and subtitles are included. These tropical rainforest animals are found in forests of South and Central America as well as Southeastern Asia. Tree frogs are named for their arboreal (tree-dwelling) lifestyle. The amount of electricity produced by the electric eel can be life-threatening to humans. However, a green anaconda can still grow to over 5 metres in length! Tarsiers are small primates that live in rainforests in Southeast Asian islands. (Members of this family are known as viverrids). The hoatzin is an unusual bird for several reasons. Sloths move so slowly that algae is able to grow in their fur. The Most Dangerous Animals Of The Amazon Rainforest. With powerful jaws tightly packed with sharp teeth, piranhas have a reputation for being dangerous predators. Mountain Gorilla. Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! There can be from 6 to 15 howler monkeys in a troop. There are 3 species of vampire bat: the common vampire bat, the hairy-legged vampire bat, and the white-winged vampire bat. 11 Amazing Rainforest Animals 1. This fearsome reptile is found in Central and South American rainforests. Bengal tigers and orangutans live in Asia’s rainforests, and chimpanzees live in the rainforests of Africa. Animals in the forest floor are the tigers, Jaguars, elephants, and tapirs. Much of the orangutan’s natural habitat has been cleared to make way for palm oil plantations. You can find out more about spider monkeys here: You can find out more about these rainforest animals here: You can find out more about tarsiers here: You can find out more about toucans here. The rhinoceros hornbill bird from southeast Asian rainforests has a hornlike structure on its head that looks like an extra beak! They may be small, but leafcutter ants are some of the most amazing animals that live in rainforests. The species shown in the photo above is a ring-tailed lemur. Jaguars live in South American rain forests, where they are apex predators (i.e.
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